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Jurisdiction

Last updated February 16, 2010

Optional Public Law 280 State Jurisdiction – Partial and Full

  • Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation partially retroceded - 54 Fed. Reg. 19, 959 (1989)
  • Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation partially retrocededand re-assumption of ICWA exclusive jurisdiction - 52 Fed. Reg. 8,372 (1987) and 45 Fed. Reg. 56,450 (1980)
  • Muckleshoot Indian Tribe re-assumption of ICWA exclusive jurisdiction - 45 Fed. Reg. 49,363 (1980)
  • Quileute Tribe partially retroceded- 54 Fed. Reg. 19, 959 (1989)
  • Quinault Tribe partially retroceded - 34 Fed. Reg. 14,288 (1969)
  • Spokane Tribe re-assumption of ICWA exclusive jurisdiction - 45 Fed Reg. 47, 926 (1980)
  • Suquamish Indian Tribe partially retroceded - 37 Fed. Reg. 7,353 (1972)
  • Swinomish Indians partially retroceded - 54 Fed. Reg. 19, 959 (1989)
  • Tulalip Tribes partially retroceded - 65 Fed. Reg. 75,948 (2000)
  • Yakima Nation re-assumption of ICWA exclusive jurisdiction  - 45 Fed. Reg. (1980)

Legislation

Wash. Const. art. XXVI, § 2

Wash. Rev. Code §§ 37.12.010 to 37.12.070 (Wash. Laws 1957, ch. 240 § 1, amended, Wash. Laws 1963 ch. 36 § 1 & Supp. 1971) (accepting Public Law 280 jurisdiction over 8 subject areas, over non-trust lands, and over non-Indians without regard to tribal consent, and full jurisdiction over all of Indian country with tribal consent; ten tribes consented to jurisdiction, but six of those later retroceded; in addition, one other tribe has retroceded)

65 Fed. Reg. 75,948 (2000) (retroceding partial jurisdiction over Tulalip Reservation)

54 Fed. Reg. 19, 959 (1989) (retroceding partial jurisdiction over the Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation, Quileute Reservation, and the Swinomish Indian Community)

52 Fed. Reg. 8,372 (1987) (retroceding partial jurisdiction over Colville Reservation)

45 Fed. Reg. 56,450 (1980) (accepting re-assumption of exclusive jurisdiction by Colville Tribe over certain Indian child welfare matters)

45 Fed. Reg. 49,363 (1980) (accepting re-assumption of exclusive jurisdiction by Muckleshoot Tribe over certain Indian child welfare matters)

45 Fed Reg. 47, 926 (1980) (accepting re-assumption of exclusive jurisdiction by Spokane Tribe over certain Indian child welfare matters)

45 Fed. Reg. (1980) (accepting re-assumption of exclusive jurisdiction by Yakima Nation over certain Indian child welfare matters)

37 Fed. Reg. 7,353 (1972) (retroceding partial jurisdiction over Suquamish/Port Madison Reservation)

34 Fed. Reg. 14,288 (1969) (retroceding partial jurisdiction over Quinault Reservation)

Case Law

State v. Moses, 37 P.3d 1216 (Wash. 2002)

Cordova v. Holwegner, 971 P.2d 531 (Wash. Ct. App. 1999)

Landauer v. Landauer, 975 P.2d 577 (Wash. Ct. App. 1999)

State v. Squally, 937 P.2d 1069 (Wash. 1997)

State v. Cooper, 928 P.2d 406 (Wash. 1996)

Estate of Millie Cross v. Comm’r of Internal Revenue, 891 P.2d 26 (Wash. 1995)

County of Yakima v. Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakima Indian Nation, 502 U.S. 251 (1992)

McCrea v. Denison, 885 P.2d 856 (Wash. Ct. App. 1994)

State v. Schmuck, 850 P.2d 1332 (Wash. 1993)

Craig v. James, 19 Indian L. Rep. 3111 (USDC, E.D. Wash. 1992)

Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation v. Washington, 938 F.3d 146 (9th Cir. 1991)

State v. Hoffman, 804 P.2d 577 (Mont. 1991)

Brendale v. Confederated Tribes and Bands of Yakima Indian Nation, 492 U.S. 408 (1989)

United States v. Farris, 624 F.2d 890 (9th Cir. 1980)

Confederated Bands and Tribes of the Yakima Indian Nation v. Washington, 439 U.S. 463 (1979)

Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation v. Beck, 6 Indian L. Rep. F8 (USDC E.D. Wash. 1979)

United States v. Marcyes, 557 F.2d 1361 (9th Cir. 1977)

Tonasket v. State, 488 P.2d 281 (1971)

Makah Indian Tribe v. State of Washington, 457 P.2d 590 (Wash. 1969)

Quinault Tribe v. Gallagher, 368 F.2d 648 (9th Cir. 1966)

State v. McCoy, 387 P.2d 942 (Wash. 1963)

Arquette v. Schneckloth, 346 P.2d 658 (Mont. 1960)

Wesley v. Schneckloth, 346 P.2d 658 (Wash. 1959)

State v. Paul, 337 P.2d 33 (Mont. 1959)

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