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Jurisdiction

Last updated February 16, 2010

General Rules of Indian Country Criminal Jurisdiction Apply,  No State Jurisdiction

In 1961, South Dakota attempted to assert jurisdiction under Public Law 280 with respect to criminal offenses and civil cause of actions arising on highways.  S.D. Codified Laws §§ 1-1-12 to 1-1-21.  The Eighth Circuit declared this legislation invalid in 1990.  Rosebud Sioux Tribe v. South Dakota, 900 F.2d 1164 (8th Cir. 1990).

Legislation

S.D. Const., art. XXII, § 2

No Public Law 280 or similar legislation

Case Law

State v. Cummings, 679 N.W.2d 484 (S.D. 2004)

Standing Rock Sioux Tribe v. Janklow, 103 F. Supp. 2d 1146 (D.S.D. 2000)

Yankton Sioux Tribe v. Gaffey, 188 F.3d 1010 (8th Cir. 1999)

United States v. Phelps, 168 F.3d 1048 (8th Cir. 1999)

South Dakota v. Yankton Sioux Tribe, 522 U.S. 329 (1998)

State v. Spotted Horse, 462 N.W.2d 463 (S.D. 1990)

South Dakota v. Larson, 455 N.W.2d 600 (S.D. 1990)

Rosebud Sioux Tribe v. South Dakota, 900 F.2d 1164 (8th Cir. 1990)

United States v. High Elk, 715 F. Supp. 285 (D.S.D. 1989)

Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe v. U.S. Dep’t of Justice, 718 F. Supp. 755 (D.S.D. 1989), order rev’d, 897 F.2d 385 (8th Cir. 1990)

Solem v. Bartlett, 464 U.S. 463 (1984)

Rosebud Sioux Tribe v. Kneip, 430 U.S. 584 (1977)

DeCoteau v. District Court for Tenth Judicial Dist., 420 U.S. 425 (1975)

State v. Molash, 86 S.D. 558, 199 N.W.2d 591 (1972)

Smith v. Temple, 82 S.D. 650, 152 N.W.2d 547 (1967)

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