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Jurisdiction

Last updated February 16, 2010

Optional  Public Law 280 State Jurisdiction – Partial and over only one tribe

The Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation  are subject to partial state criminal jurisdiction.  See 60 Fed. Reg. 33,318 (1995).

Elsewhere, General Rules of Indian Country Criminal Jurisdiction apply.

Legislation

Mont. Const., Ord 1

Mont. Code Ann. §§ 2-1-302 to 2-1-307 (as of 1963, assuming criminal jurisdiction over Salish/Kootenai Reservation and over any other tribe with consent, though none consented)

60 Fed. Reg. 33,318 (1995) (partially retroceding jurisdiction over Salish/Kootenai Reservation)

Case Law

Balyeat Law, PC v. Pettit, 967 P.2d 398 (Mont. 1998)

State v. Spotted Blanket, 955 P.2d 1347 (Mont. 1998)

In re Marriage of Wellman, 852 P.2d 559 (Mont. 1993)

American States Ins. Co. v. McDougall, 18 Indian L. Rep. 3075 (U.S.D. Mont. 1991)

First v. State Dept. of Social and Rehabilitation Services ex rel.  LaRoche, 808 P.2d 467  (Mont. 1991)

State v. LaPier, 790 P.2d 983 (Mont. 1990)

Liberty v. Jones, 782 P.2d 369 (Mont. 1989)

State v. Thomas, 760 P.2d 96 (Mont. 1988)

State ex rel.  Greely v. Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of Flathead Reservation, 712 P.2d 754 (Mont. 1985)

In re Marriage of Limpy, 636 P.2d 266 (Mont. 1981)           

Larrivee v. Morigeau, 602 P.2d 563 (Mont. 1979)

Fisher v. District Court of Sixteenth Judicial Dist., 424 U.S. 382 (1976)

Bad Horse v. Bad Horse, 517 P.2d 893 (Mont. 1974)

United States v. Pollmann, 364 F. Supp. 995 (D. Mont. 1973)

State ex rel.  Irvine v. District Court of 4th Judicial Dist., 239 P.2d 272 (Mont. 1951)

Draper v. United States, 164 U.S. 240 (1896)

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